Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution for parties involved in civil litigation. Mediation is a negotiation facilitated by a mediator (a trained, neutral third party). During mediation, the parties work to resolve their disputes in hopes of avoiding costly litigation. If the parties can come to an agreement during mediation, the resulting agreement is enforceable. However, if the mediation process fails, litigation continues until the matter is settled, dismissed or decided by a judge or jury.